What methods can be used to disperse aluminum hydroxide?

The Significance of ATH Flame Retardant Dispersion

The Significance of ATH Flame Retardant Dispersion

Among the many flame retardants available, aluminum hydroxide (ATH) has gained significant recognition for its remarkable fire suppression properties. However, achieving optimal performance requires a thorough understanding of the dispersion method for ATH flame retardant.

The dispersion method plays a pivotal role in maximizing the effectiveness of ATH flame retardant systems. Proper dispersion ensures uniform distribution of ATH particles, leading to improved fire suppression capabilities. By using an optimized dispersion technique, end products acquire enhanced flame resistance, reduced smoke generation, and minimized heat release rates.

Dispersion method for ATH flame retardant

  • Mechanical dispersion
    This method involves physically mixing the ATH particles into the desired material, such as a polymer matrix. This can be done using a high-speed mixer, a twin-screw extruder, or a ball mill. Mechanical dispersion helps in distributing the ATH particles evenly throughout the material, allowing for effective flame retardancy. This method is commonly used, but it easily produces impurities and can change the physical and chemical properties of the powder.
  • Wet dispersion
    In this method, the ATH particles are dispersed in a liquid medium, such as water or a solvent. Wet dispersion is particularly useful when incorporating ATH into coatings, paints, or other liquid-based applications. This dispersion can be further achieved through a variety of techniques, including:
    Ultrasonic dispersion: This is a high-intensity dispersion method. The dispersion mechanism of ultrasound is cavitation, which can form high temperature and high pressure locally and produce large impact force and micro-jet, which weakens the surface of nano-powder and effectively prevents the aggregation of particles.
    Chemical dispersion: By introducing a suitable dispersant to increase the dispersion of the suspended solids and improve its stability and fluidity.
  • Melt dispersion
    When working with materials that can be melted, such as thermoplastics, melt dispersion can be utilized. In this method, the ATH particles are mixed and dispersed evenly within the molten polymer using techniques such as melt extrusion or compounding. Melt dispersion ensures good dispersion of ATH in the polymer matrix, leading to enhanced flame retardant properties.
  • Masterbatch dispersion
    Masterbatch dispersion involves pre-mixing the ATH particles with a carrier material, such as a polymer resin, to create a masterbatch. This masterbatch is then added to the desired material during processing to provide flame retardancy. Masterbatch dispersion simplifies the incorporation of ATH into various materials and allows for easy customization of flame retardant concentrations.

Related Products

※ Please kindly note that our products and services are for research use only.